Treatments for high levels of calcium range from hospitalization and procedures such as dialysis to simply watching mild cases that can improve without treatment, states Healthline. In some cases, a condition such as cancer, dehydration, use of medications or hyperparathyroidism may cause hypercalcemia, requiring treatment of the underlying condition.
Some treatments a person might receive for hypercalcemia in a hospital setting include intravenous fluids to prevent dehydration, loop diuretics that help the kidneys perform and intravenous bisphosphonates to keep the bones from deteriorating, explains Healthline. Most cases of hypercalcemia caused by hyperparathyroidism are treated by surgically removing abnormal parathyroid glands. If cancer is the cause of hypercalcemia, a physician informs a patient of available treatments.
When hypercalcemia is severe, serious medical issues can result such as kidney stones and even kidney failure, according to Healthline. In extremely serious cases, hypercalcemia can be a life-threatening condition that results in coma. Some other potential complications include the development of osteoporosis, irregular heartbeats, confusion and dementia. Depression and irritability can also occur when someone has hypercalcemia. Mild hypercalcemia does not always cause symptoms, and symptoms that do occur can happen in various areas of the body. For instance, excessive thirst and urination; vomiting or abdominal pain; twitches and weakness; height loss; and pain in the bones are all symptoms of hypercalcemia affecting various areas of the body.