The recovery period for goiter removal surgery is one-to-two weeks, states Johns Hopkins Medicine. Patients may not drive for at least a week following surgery, and they must avoid lifting heavy objects and engaging in strenuous activity for a week or more, notes The American Association of Endocrine Surgeons.
Eliminating a goiter involves removing all or part of the thyroid gland, explains Johns Hopkins Medicine. Patients typically have sore throats, stiff neck muscles and mild hoarseness for a week or two after the surgery, according to The American Association of Endocrine Surgeons. Pain is minimal, and patients usually only take acetaminophen to treat it. The incision normally heals completely within six-to-eight months.