Recovery after hemorrhoid surgery typically lasts between one to two weeks and consists of some pain and discomfort, which should gradually improve, according to registered nurse Jennifer Whitlock for About.com. Recovery time depends on the type of surgery and the severity of the hemorrhoids.
After hemorrhoid surgery, most patients start feeling better on the third or fourth day, explains Whitlock. The average patient can perform nonstrenuous activities in a week and resume normal activities by two weeks.
Due to the pain following surgery, the patient is given long-acting local anesthetic that should last between six and 12 hours, according to WebMD. Some doctors prescribe pain medication and may recommend taking an antibiotic to prevent infection. Stool softeners can make bowel movements easier, notes Whitlock. Staying hydrated and eating a diet rich in fiber help prevent constipation. These methods do not guarantee against the return of hemorrhoids but can reduce the risk.
A bland diet consisting of foods such as plain rice, dry crackers or toast, bananas and applesauce can help the recovery process right after surgery, notes WebMD. After a few days, the individual can return to regular food and slowly increase fiber consumption. Additional treatments include ice packs, frequent sitz baths and numbing medications used before and after bowel movements. A follow-up exam with the surgeon is usually held two to three weeks following the surgery.