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What is the recommended treatment for shoulder joint pain?

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Recommended treatment for minor shoulder joint pain involves resting the shoulder, applying ice for 15 minutes three times a day, wrapping the area with an elastic bandage, and taking over-the-counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications, states Healthline. Elevating the area and using a sling for 48 hours may also help, advises WebMD.

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If shoulder pain persists for several weeks, the patient cannot move the shoulder, fever develops, or bruising or heat and tenderness develop around the joint, the patient requires medical evaluation, according to Healthline. Depending on the diagnosis, the doctor may recommend physical therapy, provide the patient with a sling or shoulder immobilizer, or prescribe more potent nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. In some cases, he may inject corticosteroid medications directly into the shoulder. If these treatments do not provide the desired results, surgery is an option.

Range-of-motion exercises and exercises that stretch and strengthen the muscles and tendons in the shoulder help prevent shoulder pain, notes Healthline. Applying ice following exercise sessions further reduces the possibility of future injury.

Sudden, unprovoked shoulder pain may indicate a heart attack, especially if pain radiates to the chest, jaw and neck and the patient experiences breathing, dizziness or copious sweating. These symptoms require immediate medical treatment, advises Healthline.

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