Sciatic pain is generally relieved with medication and physical therapy, according to WebMD. More complex cases that don't respond to conventional treatments may require surgical intervention. Alternative therapies are also sometimes used to treat sciatic nerve pain.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as Motrin or Advil, and other over-the-counter pain relievers, such as aspirin and acetaminophen, are usually recommended as first-line pain relief treatments for sciatica. However, prescription-strength pain medications may be necessary for more severe forms of sciatica. Prescription muscle relaxants may also be necessary for the relief of sciatica-related muscle spasms. Chronic lower back pain is sometimes also treated with antidepressant medications, states WebMD. Steroid injections are also used to reduce swelling and relieve sciatica pain.
Physical therapy can also be useful in relieving sciatica symptoms. The cause of the sciatica dictates the specific physical therapy treatment and exercise regimen recommended.
Prolonged sciatica pain that does not respond to treatment may require surgery to correct whatever problem is causing the sciatica. For instance, surgery to correct a herniated disc that is pressing on the sciatic nerve and causing pain can be a remedy for sciatica.
Although less common, alternative therapies such as biofeedback are seen as good remedies for sciatica in complementary medicine. Acupuncture is another alternative therapy that is sometimes recommended.