Recommended guidelines for pain management suggest health care professionals manage patients' pain by evaluating patients' health histories, educating them about medications and providing them with nonpharmacological treatments when possible, states the American Association of Nurse Anesthetists. Pain management plans need to be consistently evaluated for effectiveness by physicians.
When doctors prescribe noninvasive treatments or pain medications, they first evaluate the patient for pain risk factors and a diagnosis into the cause of the patient's pain, explains the American Association of Nurse Anesthetists. The plan of pain care includes realistic goals set according to the patient's physical capabilities. The guideline for physicians includes educating patients and their family members about new treatment options for pain. Health care professionals give patients an informed consent form stating the patient is aware of the treatment plan and its risks. If patients' pain levels do not improve after using pain medications, the guidelines state that physicians need to taper off or remove the medication from the plan. Health care professionals need to assess patients frequently for safety while they take pain medications or other treatments.
Some ways to manage pain include deep breathing exercises and reducing stress, according to WebMD. Regular exercise routines help treat chronic pain when patients use recommended exercises from their doctors. To further treat chronic pain without medication, WebMD suggests avoiding alcohol, joining a support group, tracking pain every day and using massage therapy treatments. Eat a healthy diet and avoid smoking to further manage pain.