After a kidney removal, doctors recommend eating the usual diet and drinking four to eight glasses of water daily, according to MedlinePlus. Doctors may suggest eating fiber-rich foods or taking psyllium if the patient has hard stools after surgery.
To soften hard stools, it also helps to exercise moderately by walking, to try an over-the-counter stool softener or to reduce intake of pain medications, especially those that cause constipation, suggests MedlinePlus. The patient may also ask his doctor about safe laxatives to take while recovering.
Patients usually return to normal activities within four to six weeks, states MedlinePlus. Before full recovery, they should avoid lifting objects heavier than 10 pounds or performing strenuous activities, such as weightlifting or heavy exercises. It is safe to climbing stairs and do light household chores, although patients should avoid straining themselves. Doctors advise gradually increasing the intensity and length of an exercise routine. It is also important to change wound dressings according to the doctor's instructions to keep the incision dry and clean.
Most patients recover within three to six weeks after kidney removal surgery, notes MedlinePlus. It is essential to contact a doctor if a patient cannot eat, drink or urinate, if he experiences persistent cough, pain or nausea, if he suffers a swollen or painful belly, if he has a fever above 100.5 degrees Fahrenheit, or if he experiences bleeding surgical wounds.