Dietary guidelines following gallbladder surgery depend on the individual, explains Mayo Clinic. However, many patients find that eating smaller, more frequent meals, avoiding high-fat foods and gradually increasing the amount of fiber in the diet help keep digestion regular.
Eating smaller, more frequent meals ensures better mixing of the food with bile, explains Mayo Clinic. Patients are advised to include small amounts of lean protein, vegetables and fruits at every meal, and to choose non-fat or low-fat foods. Fried or greasy foods should be avoided, as should fatty sauces or gravies. Slowly increasing the fiber in the diet over a period of weeks helps alleviate constipation and diarrhea, though it may initially lead to some gas and cramping.
The gallbladder is an organ that collects the bile produced in the liver and releases it into the digestive system after a person eats, according to Mayo Clinic. Bile helps break down fats. After a patient has his gallbladder removed, bile drains continuously into the intestine. Some patients find that this inhibits their ability to digest fatty foods, though it's common for the body to adapt and become better at digesting fatty foods over time. Eating large amounts of fat after gallbladder surgery leaves many patients feeling gassy and bloated, but the amount of fat the body can tolerate at one time varies widely between patients.