Recommended anoxic brain injury treatments are cause-dependent, with life-support systems such as fluids, blood products, medication and mechanical ventilation playing a critical role in patient management, the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke reports. A determination of the cause of brain injury helps doctors provide appropriate treatment and stop further damage. Doctors keep the patient cool to avert further brain injury because the brain’s temperature tends to rise during oxygen deprivation, according to BrainAndSpinalCord.org.
To reduce swelling in the brain, which may increase the extent of brain injury, physicians administer steroids. Barbiturates help reduce brain activity so that tissues have time to recover. In patients who experience seizures, anti-seizure medications provide relief and control the problem. Anesthesia helps manage patients with severe seizures, and the use of a ventilator ensures adequate supply of oxygen and increases the probability of recovery, notes BrainAndSpinalCord.org.
Rehabilitation helps restore maximum possible functioning in a patient and involves an individualized program that may include speech, occupational, physical and recreational therapy, states BrainAndSpinalCord.org. A multidisciplinary team implements the program and includes therapists and nurses. Counseling for a patient’s family or caregivers provides an understanding of the impact of therapy and their roles in facilitating treatment. Through emotional and physical support at a hospital or rehab facility, patients have a better chance of recovery.