Sjogren's syndrome symptoms are recognized because they consist of dry eyes and dry mouth, according to Mayo Clinic. The eyes are dry to the point where the patient feels there is grit in them, and the mouth is so dry it is difficult to form words properly.
Besides these symptoms, people with Sjogren's syndrome might also suffer from swelling, stiffness and pain in their joints; swollen salivary glands; dry skin; and dry cough, states Mayo Clinic. Other possible symptoms are vaginal dryness and fatigue that does not go away. The patient may also suffer from skin rashes.
Medical experts do not know why people get Sjogren's syndrome, explains Mayo Clinic. They know it is an autoimmune disorder that occurs when the body attacks its own cells. In Sjogren's syndrome, the body attacks those cells that produce moisture that keep the eyes, the inside of the mouth and other areas lubricated. It can also damage other parts of the body. Sjogren's syndrome may be triggered by an infection.
There are two types of Sjogren's syndrome, notes the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. Primary Sjogren's syndrome is a progressive disease where the function of the salivary glands and lacrimal glands deteriorate over time. Secondary Sjogren's syndrome occurs with other autoimmune diseases such as lupus.