Problems urinating can be caused by a urinary tract infection, an enlarged prostate in men, a side effect of medicine or a nervous system disorder. They can also be caused by side effects of surgery or scar tissue in the tube coming from the bladder, according to MedlinePlus.
Urinary problems include a burning sensation during elimination, frequent urges to urinate while only passing small amounts of liquid, pain in the flanks, fever and an urgent need to urinate. They also include an inability to eliminate fully, blood in the urine and leaking, notes WebMD. Urinary tract infections, or UTIs, are caused by bladder infections; kidney infections; prostatitis and epididymitis in men; urethritis caused by sexually transmitted infections; and interstitial cystitis. Dehydration can also cause urination problems; drinking more water may help symptoms.
A bladder infection is the most common cause of a UTI but is not serious if taken care of right away; however, if left untreated the infection can become serious and spread to the kidneys, which may cause permanent damage, explains WebMD. Most bladder infections are caused by bacteria entering the urethra and traveling into the bladder and kidneys. Due to having shorter urethras, women get more bladder infections than men. Sexually active people get more UTIs because of the exchange of bacteria during intercourse. Infection is also more likely in people with diabetes and those who are pregnant. Seek home treatments for minor problems urinating but seek medical attention if you also experience a fever, nausea, vomiting or back pain on one side or have diabetes, kidney problems, a weak immune system, are over 65 or pregnant.