Ocular hypertension, otherwise known as high eye pressure, can be caused by a variety of different medical conditions, states AllAboutVision.com. Many people may have high eye pressure without any permanent damage to their vision, but left untreated, the condition can potentially lead to glaucoma or vision loss.
An excessive production of aqueous is a common cause of high eye pressure, as is inadequate drainage of this fluid, which is produced behind the iris in a structure known as the ciliary body, according to AllAboutVision.com. Medications used to treat asthma are another common cause of ocular hypertension. Steroid drops utilized by patients after LASIK restorative vision surgery can impact eye pressure.
Eye trauma is yet another potential cause, reports AllAboutVision.com. If damage has been done to the eye, even years before symptoms begin to appear, it is likely that this past trauma has negatively affected the balance of aqueous drainage and production. Rarer causes of high eye pressure include specific conditions relating to the eye, such as pseudoexfoliation syndrome and pigment dispersion syndrome.
According to research done by medical professionals in the optometry field, ocular hypertension occurs in a small percentage of Americans over the age of forty. In addition, African-Americans and those with a family history of ocular hypertension are more likely to develop this condition, states AllAboutVision.com.