Stomach pain is a result of several conditions, including obstructions, infections, inflammation, abnormal growths and intestinal disorders, according to Healthline. Infections in a person's intestines, blood and throat sometimes lead to bacteria entering the digestive tract and causing stomach pain. An infection can also alter a person's digestive system and cause constipation or diarrhea. Stomach cramps caused by the menstrual cycle are another source of stomach and pelvic pain.
While there are several causes of stomach pain, determining the area where people feel the most discomfort can help diagnose the exact condition, explains MedicineNet. When a person experiences pain in the upper abdomen, this can be due to gallstones, food poisoning, an inflammation of the pancreas, gastroesophageal reflux disease or hepatitis. Lower abdominal pain can be caused by Crohn's disease, appendicitis, endometriosis, kidney stones or an ectopic pregnancy.
Some of the common causes of stomach pain include lactose intolerance, irritable bowel syndrome, indigestion, food allergies and gas, states WebMD. If the stomach pain becomes unbearable or recurs often, contact a health care provider. When also experiencing signs of dehydration, a tender abdomen, an inability to pass stool, frequent or painful urination, and a fever, immediate treatment is also required. People who vomit blood, experience stomach pain while pregnant or have bloody stools also need to get immediate medical care.