Use a blood sugar monitoring chart as guide for yourself and your physician to determine goals for blood sugar levels depending on the time of the day and the activity in which you are engaged, according to the Joslin Diabetes Center. Regular checks of blood sugar levels and consultation with the chart allows you to keep blood sugar levels at normal ranges.
A blood sugar monitoring chart provides the ranges of blood sugar levels of both people without diabetes and those with diabetes before or after certain activities and at different times of the day, states the Joslin Diabetes Center. These categories include before breakfast, before lunch, dinner or a snack, two hours after meals, and at bedtime. For example, a person without diabetes has a blood sugar level under 100 before breakfast, while the levels of those with diabetes before breakfast range from 70 to 130. By using these measurements in consultation with a physician, a patient can make alterations to meal planning, exercise regimens and medication to aim for a target level at this specific time and other times of the day.
The closer to normal blood sugar levels that a person with diabetes can maintain, the less likely such a person is to develop complications from the condition, such as eye disease and nerve damage, explains the Joslin Diabetes Center. This makes blood sugar monitoring charts, along with regular testing, essential parts of treatment,