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What are pyogenic granulomas?

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A pyogenic granuloma is a small, reddish skin growth that typically affects children, young adults and pregnant women, states Healthline. Pyogenic granulomas contain a large amount of blood vessels and tend to bleed. Pyogenic granulomas are noncancerous and typically appear on the fingers, face, hands, arms and neck.

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Pyogenic granulomas typically occur after injuries, bug bites, after frequently scratching the skin and hormonal changes, explains Healthline. Pyogenic granulomas first appear as a lesion that rapidly increases in size in the first few weeks before becoming a raised, reddish or yellowish lump no larger than 2 centimeters. Pyogenic granulomas often go away on their own, but can reappear after removal. Large pyogenic granulomas can be scraped off, cauterized and burned. Pyogenic granulomas can also be surgically removed, burned off with a chemical or removed with laser surgery. Pyogenic granulomas on the eye are surgically removed or treated with corticosteroids to reduce inflammation.

Excessive bleeding and heightened growth are typical pyogenic granuloma complications, notes Healthline. Pyogenic granulomas are diagnosed by examining the appearance, and a biopsy may also be used. Taking a tissue sample provides a more precise diagnosis and rules out cancerous conditions such as melanoma, squamous cell carcinoma and basal cell carcinoma.

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