Vascular screening is performed to detect the presence of vascular diseases primarily because many of the warning symptoms do not develop until the disease has progressed, according to the Society for Vascular Surgery. The non-invasive series of tests are a preventative method for finding conditions that can lead to stroke.
Vascular screening is also performed to identify individuals who have developed atherosclerosis, a condition that hardens the arteries and can lead to impaired blood flow to the legs, stroke or heart attacks, explains the University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Public Health. Vascular screening tests can indicate conditions such as carotid disease, which can lead to aortic aneurysms and artery blockages if left untreated.
A variety of vascular screening tests can be performed, including blood draws or stress tests, according to the University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Public Health. Additional tests may include an ultrasound. A follow-up with a cardiology clinician is typically scheduled within two weeks of the tests to review results and risk factors for vascular diseases.
Vascular screening is usually recommended for individuals between 40 and 70 years of age and people who smoke or have a family history of cholesterol disorders, high blood pressure, diabetes or heart disease, explains the University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Public Health.