Doctors perform endometrial ablation to treat excessive menstrual bleeding, according to Mayo Clinic. Patients who opt for this procedure often suffer such blood loss that they are anemic.
Endometrial ablation is an option if medications or hormone therapy, including an intrauterine device that releases progesterone, don't work, claims Mayo Clinic. Because the procedure destroys the lining of the uterus, doctors do not recommend the procedure for women who want to become pregnant at some future point. They also do not recommend it for women who have bad cramping during their periods, women who had a recent pregnancy, or women with cancer of the uterus. Endomerial ablation is also contraindicated for women who are postmenopausal.