What Is the Purpose of the Comprehensive Metabolic Panel, Lipid Panel and CBC With Differential?


Quick Answer

A doctor may order a comprehensive metabolic panel during a routine examination to check the status of an existing medical condition, such as high blood pressure, or to diagnose a medical condition, such as diabetes, explains WebMD. A lipid panel is a screen for lipid disorders, such as high cholesterol, which may lead to serious illnesses such as coronary artery disease, heart attack and stroke. A complete blood count with differential is used to diagnose and treat a wide variety of medical conditions, including anemia and infection.

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Full Answer

A comprehensive metabolic panel measures blood glucose levels, electrolytes, and kidney and liver function. It measures the blood levels of calcium, potassium and important liver enzymes among others.

A lipid panel measures lipids, which are fats used for energy by the body, according to WebMD. It measures total cholesterol, triglycerides, and HDL (good) and LDL (bad) cholesterol levels. Treatment for a lipid disorder may include medicines, diet changes, weight loss and exercise.

A complete blood count with differential measures red and white blood cells, platelets, hemoglobin and hematocrit, as HealthCheck explains. It is very common for a doctor to order a complete blood count as part of a routine check-up or physical.

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