Pulse rate is used to determine a person's overall health and fitness based on standardized pulse rate charts, according to MDhealth.com. Pulse rate refers to the measure of heartbeats per minute, and it varies based on the body's need for oxygen.
A heartbeat occurs every time the heart contracts to pump blood, states MDhealth.com. Pulse rate is generally expressed as heartbeats per minute. The highest pulse rates occur during exercise, and the lowest rates occur during sleep. Resting pulse rate refers to the number of times the heart beats per minute when an individual is at complete rest. It measures a person's overall heart health and fitness level, as it represents the amount of work the heart needs to perform during inactivity. A good fitness level means a lower resting pulse rate and fewer heartbeats per minute. It indicates that the heart does not have to work hard to pump blood throughout the body. Health care professionals assess a person's health and fitness levels using resting heart rate standards that are based on age.
MDhealth.com reports that the resting heart rate of children aged 1 to 10 is usually around 70 to 130 beats per minute, while children above age 10 and adults have a resting heart rate of approximately 60 to 100 beats per minute.