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What is a pulmonary vein ablation?

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Quick Answer

Pulmonary vein ablation is a procedure in which catheters are inserted into the heart to correct irregular heartbeats, according to Cleveland Clinic. Energy passed through the catheter scars the pulmonary veins to prevent atypical electrical signals from causing symptoms of arrhythmia.

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Pulmonary vein ablation is performed to try to reduce a patient's risk of getting heart attacks, strokes and blood clots resulting from abnormal heart rhythms, states Cleveland Clinic. An electrocardiogram and echocardiogram are done before the procedure to check that the patient is a good candidate. The procedure usually lasts less than 6 hours, and requires a short inpatient stay to monitor the patient's heart and to remove the catheters.

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