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Why are protein levels checked?

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Quick Answer

Protein levels are measured during routine medical checkups to determine the cause of symptoms such as sudden weight loss, lethargy, swelling of ankles or abdomen, or difficulty of breathing, according to Healthline. Total protein is determined by measuring the levels of the albumin and globulin in the blood, says WebMD.

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Full Answer

The albumin level can indicate the state of health of the liver since this protein is synthesized in this organ, says WebMD. It also says something about the health of the kidney and whether the diet has adequate protein. Certain globulin proteins are also made in the liver, while others are manufactured by the immune system. Globulin proteins help fight specific infections. Thus, the type of globulins missing indicate the type of infection that the patient may possibly develop.

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