The treatment for prostatitis depends on its underlying cause, according to MedicineNet. Antibiotics may be prescribed along with anti-inflammatory medications to control pain. Alpha-blockers can be prescribed for relaxing the muscles around the prostate gland and bladder and to decrease urinary issues.
Other lifestyle changes can help, including using warm sitz baths, avoiding caffeine, spicy foods and alcohol, and other changes. Alternative treatments, such as acupuncture and prostate massage may be helpful, but studies into them are limited.
Prostatitis can lead to chronic prostatitis, urinary retention and bladder outlet obstruction, notes MedicineNet. Infertility and infection in the bloodstream can also occur, and some cases of untreated prostatitis may be fatal.