What is a prostatectomy surgery?


Quick Answer

Prostatectomy surgery removes some or all of the prostate gland, according to MedlinePlus. Simple prostatectomy removes tissue from within the prostate gland to treat conditions such as benign prostatic hyperplasia, while radical prostatectomy removes the entire gland and some surrounding tissue to treat prostate cancer.

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Full Answer

Both simple and radical prostatectomies require hospital admittance and the use of either general anesthesia or an anesthetic spinal block, notes MedlinePlus. The length of hospital stay following the surgery varies based on the surgical approach and the patient's recovery speed. Patients usually spend one to four days as an in-patient then complete their recovery at home but under their doctor's supervision through follow-up appointments.

Surgeons perform prostatectomy by a variety of methods: a vertical incision from the belly button to the pubic bone, smaller abdominal incisions in conjunction with a laparoscopic camera and instruments, smaller abdominal incisions in conjunction with robotic laparoscopic equipment and a perineal incision that is smaller than a vertical abdominal incision but larger than laparoscopic incisions, explains MedlinePlus. Doctors select the surgical approach to prostatectomy based on the age, medical history and prognosis of the patient, in addition to the ability to preserve and protect surrounding nerves and blood vessels and the available robotic surgical equipment of the hospital.

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