Regardless of whether the condition is chronic or acute, infectious prostatitis is treated with antibiotics, explains WebMD. Acute cases are treated for 14 days. Chronic cases are treated for at least four weeks and for as long as 12 weeks. Noninfectious prostatitis may be treated with pain medications, muscle relaxants, sitz baths and prostate massage.
Prostatitis is the inflammation of the prostate gland and the surrounding tissues, according to Urology Care Foundation. There are four types: acute bacterial prostatitis, chronic bacterial prostatitis, nonbacterial prostatitis and asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis.
Bacterial prostatitis is the least common but most straightforward, notes Urology Care Foundation. It presents as a severe urinary tract infection marked by fever and chills; painful urination; pain in the pelvis or lower back; and an inability to empty the bladder. Chronic bacterial prostatitis has similar symptoms, though it comes on over a longer period of time and with less severity. Asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis is inflammation of the prostate without symptoms. It is often diagnosed when a man is being treated for an unrelated condition.
Nonbacterial prostatitis may be called chronic prostatitis or chronic pelvic pain syndrome, according to MedicineNet. It is the most common form of prostatitis but the least understood. It may be inflammatory or noninflammatory. Symptoms may wax and wane or be persistent.