Prostate cancer is very curable. The Prostate Cancer Foundation reports that nearly 100 percent of men diagnosed in the early stages of prostate cancer are disease-free after five years.
As with most cancers, the earlier prostate cancer is found, the easier it is to treat, according to the Prostate Cancer Foundation. The American Cancer Society recommends all men over the age of 50 begin regular prostate cancer screenings. Men who have a higher risk of developing the disease are encouraged to begin regular screenings at the age of 40.
Once it is detected, there are several methods of treatment available, according to the University of Maryland Medical Center. Some types of prostate cancer are very slow to grow and spread, so a doctor may suggest what is known as "watchful waiting," where the patient is kept under surveillance, using treatment options only if the condition worsens. Another common method of treating prostate cancer is hormone therapy. The medicine prescribed helps to lower a man's testosterone production, which in many cases causes the cancer to shrink. More advanced cases of prostate cancer may be treated with chemotherapy. For cancer that has not yet spread, surgery may be another option. Radiation is also used to kill the cancer cells, either by focusing a beam of radiation at the cancer site or by injecting tiny irradiated seeds next to the site for long-term treatment.