The main advantages of hip surgery are restoration of the hip's function and range-of-motion as well as the reduction of pain in the area, according to WebMD. The procedure makes walking easier and allows the recipient of the hip replacement to maintain his independence. The drawbacks to the surgery are that it takes an extensive amount of time to recuperate following the procedure, and physical therapy is required to help the patient become accustomed to the new hip; physical therapy can be as short as a few weeks or may require months of work for some people.
Another drawback to hip surgery is that it is a major surgery, and it is not without risk, notes WebMD. Some patients may need to have a blood transfusion during the procedure. Following the surgery, patients must be extremely careful about their body positioning and activities for around 12 months, since there is a risk of dislocating the hip and needing additional surgery.
An additional disadvantage of the surgery is the increased risk of blood clots because the patient is unable to move around a lot in the beginning of the recovery process. Infection is also possible, and as with any surgery, there is also a risk involved in the use of general anesthesia.