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What are some pros and cons of bariatric surgery?

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Some pros of bariatric surgery include the health benefits of the accompanying weight loss and the higher quality of life many patients experience, while some cons are the potential complications that affect up to 10 percent of patients, such as blood clots or infections, says WebMD. Following bariatric surgery many patients show improvement in obesity-related conditions, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, obstructive sleep apnea and arthritis. Some studies demonstrate that patients live longer after surgery than other obese people.

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Bariatric surgery typically helps patients lose weight for 18 to 24 months, reports WebMD. Some obesity-related health problems, such as diabetes, improve quickly following surgery, but others, such as high blood pressure, take longer to resolve. Common side effects following surgery include gastrointestinal discomfort, excessive sweating and dizziness. A long-term problem that occurs up to 50 percent of the time is dumping syndrome, where food moves too quickly through the small intestine, but patients may prevent it by eating high-fiber foods and limiting sugary foods. Good candidates for weight-loss surgery are obese adults who also have an obesity-related health condition, who are aware of the risks and benefits of surgery, and are willing to make lifestyle changes after surgery, especially in regard to eating habits.

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