There are over 100 types of peripheral neuropathy, and the prognosis of each depends on many variables, according to Johns Hopkins and Mayo Clinic. Normally, peripheral neuropathy is not a curable condition, but it is possible to keep it from worsening. Lifestyle changes and braces may help improve symptoms.
Neuropathy may be caused by alcoholism, exposure to certain chemicals, chemotherapy, inherited disorders and infections, according to Mayo Clinic. Trauma or pressure on a nerve, tumors, bone marrow disorders, and vitamin deficiencies may also cause neuropathy. If neuropathy is caused by alcoholism or exposure to toxins, it is important to avoid these substances. If lab tests reveal an underlying medical condition as the cause of neuropathy, the treating physician treats the cause or manages its symptoms accordingly.
Neuropathy management normally involves medication such as pain relievers, seizure medications and antidepressants, according to Mayo Clinic. Other treatments may include transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, physical therapy, surgery, and plasma exchange and intravenous immune globulin. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation is applied for 30 minutes per day over the course of one month. People with inflammatory conditions may benefit from plasma exchange and intravenous immune globulin treatment to suppress immune activity. Physical therapy may help individuals with muscle weakness, and doctors often recommend surgery when tumors press against a nerve.