Early treatment of a perforated bowel greatly increases the chances of success. The period of time in which the perforation has existed and its severity are among the things that determine success. In most cases, surgical treatments achieve desired results, notes MedlinePlus.
Numerous issues can cause a perforated bowel, including injury, ulcers, gallstones, certain diseases and medication such as aspirin and surgery. Chances of having a perforated bowel increase with age. Conditions that affect the gastrointestinal system also increase the chances of getting a perforated bowel. Other risk factors include malnutrition, bleeding complications and existing bowel disease, notes Healthline.
Individuals with perforated bowels are likely to experience severe abdominal pain. Chills, high body temperature, nausea and vomiting are other symptoms that may be experienced. When the condition develops into peritonitis, the individual may experience other symptoms including passing less than normal urine, fast heartbeat, exhaustion and shortness of breath.
Taking patient history to determine if there are any other medical complications is a standard procedure during diagnosis. Imaging and lab tests are other options used in diagnosis. In a few cases, doctors may treat the condition with medication, but most cases are treated by a surgical procedure.
Individuals that go through surgery often recover without developing further complications. Early detection of the condition greatly increases the likelihood of successful surgery.