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What is the prognosis for neuroblastomas in children?

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Quick Answer

The 2010 five-year survival rate for children from 1 to 14 years who are diagnosed with neuroblastoma in the United States is 68 percent, according to research cited by the National Cancer Institute. Factors such as the child's age, location of the tumor and tumor subtype greatly affect the prognosis.

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Full Answer

U.S. Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results statistics from 1975 to 2006 indicate that children under 1 year of age have a 90 percent chance of survival after five years, reports the National Cancer Institute. In general, children under the age of 18 months have a very good chance of long term survival, even if they have stage 4 neuroblastoma.

For older children, a localized tumor discovered at an early age offers the best possible prognosis, states the National Cancer Institute. Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results statistics indicate that the five-year survival rate is 68 percent for children at the age of 1 to 4 years, 52 percent for children age 5 to 9 years and 66 percent for children age 10 to 14 years.

Hyperdiploid neuroblastoma offers a better prognosis because this type of cancer responds well to treatment, according to the National Cancer Institute. Race does not affect the prognosis, but African American children are more likely to be diagnosed with a more fatal type of neuroblastoma. Also, infected lymph nodes located on the side of the body opposite the tumor indicate a poorer prognosis.

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