What Is the Prognosis for Liver Cirrhosis?


Quick Answer

The prognosis for liver cirrhosis is generally poor if the damage is severe enough, according to MedlinePlus. Once the liver develops scar tissue, that tissue can never heal or return to normal function and could cause serious complications.

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What Is the Prognosis for Liver Cirrhosis?
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Full Answer

Cirrhosis is the last stage of chronic liver disease and occurs when the liver becomes severely scarred and loses its ability to function well, according to MedlinePlus. The most common causes of chronic liver disease in the United States is hepatitis B or C and alcohol abuse. However, other liver diseases can cause chronic liver disease, such as nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. It can also be caused by several types of medicines and hereditary diseases.

Symptoms of liver cirrhosis in its early stage include fatigue, poor appetite, nausea, belly pain and the appearance of small, spider-like red blood vessels on the skin, states MedlinePlus. As the condition worsens, people could experience yellowing of the skin and eyes, confusion, easy bruising and abnormal bleeding.

While there is no cure for liver cirrhosis, there are a number of treatment options available to slow its progression and minimize the damage caused, according to WebMD. If the scarring was caused by alcohol abuse, stopping alcohol entirely may help. For people with hepatitis infections, steroids and antiviral medicines may reduce injury to the liver. In severe cases, a liver transplant may be necessary.

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