The prognosis for an individual with end stage kidney disease is poor, according to Healthline, with individuals who do not get treatment facing certain death. Advancements in treating the disease allow people who receive treatment to live much longer, with specific outcomes greatly dependent on the individual patient.
The kidneys of individuals diagnosed with end stage chronic kidney disease can no longer function well enough to support their bodies, states Healthline. A number of factors can cause this, but it is most common in people with diabetes and people with high blood pressure, reports MedlinePlus.
Treatment usually consists of either a kidney transplant or dialysis, according to Healthline. In a transplant surgery, the surgeon removes the diseased kidneys and replaces them with a donated, healthy kidney. Usually only one kidney is donated per individual since most people can live with just one fully functioning kidney.
Dialysis is a process that mimics what the kidneys do naturally, which is filter waste and maintain a safe level of salt and minerals in the body, states MedlinePlus. There are two types of dialysis available. The first, called hemodialysis, has individuals hooked up to an artificial kidney that filters the entire blood stream. The second, called peritoneal dialysis, uses a special solution that is passed inside of the stomach and left for a period of time, after which it is removed and replaced.