The prognosis for kidney failure varies considerably from patient to patient, and is based primarily on the underlying cause of the complication, according to the Northeast Georgia Diagnostic Clinic. Early diagnosis and treatment is key; when left untreated, kidney failure most always leads to death.
Common causes of kidney failure include diabetes, poisons and trauma, high blood pressure, glomerular diseases and genetic kidney diseases. Medications that increase the risk include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen and naproxen, some antibiotics and lithium, relates MedicineNet.com.
Symptoms of kidney failure are caused by the build-up of waste products in the body and may include weakness, shortness of breath, lethargy and confusion.
Kindey failure is typically categorized as 'chronic' -damage that develops over years- or 'acute' -sudden failure, often resulting from accidents- explain Northeast Georgia Diagnostic Clinic experts.
In most cases, chronic kidney failure tends to progress even after treatment, with affected individuals at an increased risk of death from stroke or heart attack. While patients with acute failure are at risk for complications that include seizures, bleeding and coma, dialysis effectively treats the complications and patients are expected to make a full recovery -as long as the condition doesn't stem from damage to the kidney itself.