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What is the prognosis for cervical cancer?

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Quick Answer

The prognosis for cervical cancer varies from a 5 percent survival rate to a 95 percent survival rate after five years, according to Cancer Research UK. The stage at which a doctor diagnoses the cancer is the biggest determining factor.

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When not separated by stage, approximately 67 percent of women diagnosed with cervical cancer survive more than five years after diagnosis, reports Cancer Research UK. Women who receive early diagnosis have the highest survival rates. Stage 1A and 1B are the earliest detectable stages and have a 95 percent or better survival rate. Stage 2, which occurs when the cancer has spread just beyond the cervix, has a 50 percent survival rate. Stage 3, where the cancer has spread into the pelvis, has a 40 percent survival rate.

Stage 4 is the most serious type of cervical cancer. When it reaches this stage, the cancer has spread into more distant organs, according to Cancer Research UK. Women who receive a diagnosis at this stage have only a 5 percent survival rate.

In addition to stages, other factors can affect cervical cancer prognosis, according to the National Cancer Institute. Underlying health conditions, such as HIV infection, can have a negative effect on the prognosis. Cancer caused by a particular strain of human papillomavirus, known as HPV-18, is also more difficult to treat. The patient's willingness to follow up on treatment also has a significant effect on the long-term prognosis.

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