The prognosis for cancer of the pelvis varies according to the specific type of cancer involved, the level of advancement when diagnosed, a person's medical history and age, and any simultaneous health concerns, explains Healthgrades. Pelvic cancer can be fatal, particularly if a diagnosis comes late or the cancer is not treated appropriately. It is most curable in the early stages of the disease, before the cancer cells spread and symptoms develop.
Pelvic cancer is an umbrella term for a variety of cancers that affect the organs and structures of the pelvis, including rectal cancer, bladder cancer, osteosarcoma, anal cancer and chondrosarcoma, states Healthgrades. Some types of pelvic cancer only impact men, such as prostate and testicular cancer, and other types only impact women, including uterine, cervical and ovarian cancer. A diagnosis of pelvic cancer can also come after cancer in another part of the body spreads into the pelvis.
Treatment of pelvic cancer may include hormone therapy, radiation therapy, surgery and chemotherapy, Healthgrades notes. Symptoms vary according to the type of cancer involved and are often absent until advanced stages of the disease. Some risk factors that increase a person's likelihood of developing pelvic cancer include HIV/AIDS, sexual activity at a young age, being older than 50 years of age, exposure to certain chemicals and smoking.