What Is the Profile of a Typical Patient With Sjögren Syndrome Symptoms?


Quick Answer

Sjögren's syndrome is an autoimmune disease that presents differently in each patient, states the American College of Rheumatology. Patients with the disease may experience dry eyes, dry mouth, joint pain, fatigue, dry skin and acid reflux.

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Sjögren's syndrome is an inflammatory disease that is characterized by chronically dry eyes and dry mouth. Patients with this disease may also experience difficulty swallowing, inflammation of their salivary glands, dry nasal passages and swelling of their joints, according to the American College of Rheumatology. Patients may have primary Sjögren's syndrome, which means that the patient has no other rheumatologic diseases, or they may have secondary Sjögren's syndrome if they have another rheumatologic disease.

Sjögren's syndrome may also produce many health complications. Patients with this autoimmune disorder may experience widespread inflammation that causes a variety of health issues. Skin rashes due to inflamed blood vessels, neurologic problems due to inflammation, abnormal liver and kidney function, and lung problems may all occur in patients with Sjögren's syndrome. Treatment of the disease is often focused on relieving the symptoms the patient feels, states the American College of Rheumatology. Patients may be prescribed immunosuppressant drugs and anti-inflammatory medications to prevent and treat all of their widespread symptoms.

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