What Is the Process Behind Liver Stone Surgery?

A laparoscopic gallbladder removal is a common procedure a surgeon may need to perform to remove liver stones, also known as gallstones, reports Healthline. This procedure involves the surgeon making three to four incisions on the abdomen and inserting a small, lighted device into one of the incisions to carefully remove the gallbladder. Generally, the patient can go home on the day of the surgery.

If surgery is necessary, the surgeon removes the gallstones along with the gallbladder in a procedure called a cholecystectomy, explains David M Lloyd. The laparoscopic part of the procedure are the keyhole techniques used to remove the gallbladder, which are considered the gold standard of treatments.

The surgeon conducts the procedure using a full general anaesthesia, and it usually takes approximately 30 minutes to an hour to complete, reports David M Lloyd. After making incisions on the abdomen, the surgeon inserts a small telescope, or laparoscope, into one of them. He also inserts carbon dioxide to insufflate the abdomen to assist in visualising the gallbladder. He makes three additional incisions below the ribcage to allow the laparoscopic equipment to pass through, while monitoring of the entire operation takes place on a large screen. The surgeon then detaches the gallbladder from the bile duct and liver bed and removes it. After the operation, he closes the incisions with dissolvable subcutaneous stitches.