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What is the procedure for urology surgery?

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Quick Answer

There are two types of urology surgery, cystoscopy and ureteroscopy, and during both procedures, a doctor inserts instruments into the urethral opening, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK). These procedures occur in a doctor's office, and both take less than 30 minutes in most cases.

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Full Answer

To start a cystoscopy or ureteroscopy, the doctor sedates the patient or numbs the area around the urethra, explains the NIDDK. This sedation helps the patient feel comfortable, and in some cases, the patient goes into a deep sleep. When the anesthetic takes effect, the doctor inserts the tip of the ureteroscope or cystoscope into the urethra, and then pushes it into the bladder.

The doctor fills the bladder with water or saline, which may make the patient feel as if he has to urinate, states the NIDDK. During a cystoscopy, the doctor looks at the lining of the urethra and bladder, and if necessary, can insert small tools into the cystoscope to treat issues or perform a biopsy. During a ureteroscopy, the doctor passes a ureteroscope into the bladder and ureter where he can examine the linings of the organs. He then can pass the instrument into the kidney for further testing or biopsy.

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