The cardiac diet requires a reduction in daily intake of cholesterol, sodium and unhealthy fats. The cardiac diet aims to lower cholesterol levels, blood pressure and weight, according to the Arabic Health Encyclopedia.
The cardiac diet is designed to prevent or treat cardiovascular disease and is commonly suggested for patients with heart or blood vessel problems. It features healthy portion sizes and includes low-fat proteins to restore tissue and gain muscle in addition to whole grains to help regulate blood pressure. Fruits and vegetables provide nutrients and aid in digestion. The diet avoids foods high in saturated fats such as butter and margarine.