What Are the Primary Symptoms of Female Menopause?

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Women undergoing menopause can experience changes in their menstrual cycle, hot flashes, vaginal dryness and pain during intercourse, reports Healthline. In addition, menopausal women may have mood swings, insomnia, a decreased libido and an increased risk of developing urinary tract infections.

Changes in a woman's menstrual cycle is common during menopause, reports Healthline. The period may become heavier or lighter, longer or shorter, or become irregular. Hot flashes are the primary symptom reported by women undergoing menopause, and the flashes can last anywhere from 30 seconds to 10 minutes. As estrogen and progesterone production decrease during menopause, vaginal lubrication decreases in menopausal women. This can lead to itching or burning of the vagina as well as painful intercourse. Difficulty sleeping can also occur during menopause.

Menopausal women lose muscle tone in the groin area and can often experience incontinence issues, adds Healthline. Frequent or painful urination can occur. Other urinary issues, such as UTIs, may occur as decreased estrogen levels leave the bladder more susceptible to bacterial infections. Decreased estrogen levels leave most menopausal women with a lowered libido and a delayed or absent orgasmic response to sexual activity. Mental changes may occur due to hormonal changes. Depression and irritability are common symptoms of menopause, and swings in mood from high to low may occur rapidly.