It may be possible to prevent spotting by taking the pill as the directions indicate each day at the same time, according to WebMD. Maintaining a healthy weight and managing stress with relaxation techniques may also help to prevent spotting. Stopping smoking can assist as well, reports Mayo Clinic.
Medications such as antibiotics and supplements may lead to spotting or breakthrough bleeding, according to Mayo Clinic. Sickness including vomiting and diarrhea can increase the chances of spotting, as the birth control medication will probably have a lower rate of absorption.
Choosing to use birth control to delay or prevent a period can lead to spotting, according to Drugs.com. After a few months, the spotting typically decreases as the body adjusts to the changes. Tracking your spotting on a calendar helps to know the frequency and if it is decreasing.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen and naproxen can be used to reduce bleeding, reports WebMD. Follow the directions for these medications carefully, and don't take this medication if it goes against any previous advice from a doctor or if pregnancy is a possibility.
Abnormal bleeding may be the result of a hormonal imbalance, pregnancy complications, an infection or cancer, reports Healthline. A physical exam is necessary to determine the cause of the bleeding.