Prevent leg cramps by performing stretches before bed and sleeping with loose covers, according to WebMD. Getting enough exercise during the day can also help ease cramps that show up at night.
Doing gentle stretches throughout the day and just before going to bed can help those suffering from leg cramps. Pay special attention to the foot and calf muscles when stretching, recommends WebMD. Massaging these areas just prior to sleeping may also help prevent or minimize nighttime cramping. Sleep under coverings that are nonrestrictive as this lessens the likelihood of feet and legs entering rigid positions that can cause cramping and pain. Regular exercise helps keep muscles stretched, which can work to prevent cramps.
Leg cramps can also be caused by a vitamin deficiency, particularly magnesium, zinc and potassium, explains WebMD. People with leg pain may find some relief by taking a daily vitamin supplement that contains these ingredients. Drinking plenty of water is also important, since dehydration is a known cause of muscle cramping. People who experience leg cramping on a regular basis or suffer from severe leg pain are advised to see a doctor to check for underlying causes that may require the implementation of a treatment plan.