A person can prevent a heart attack by taking medications, exercising and eating healthy foods, according to Mayo Clinic. Taking medication enhances the function of a damaged heart, and lifestyle changes can aid in recovery.
Mayo Clinic mentions that drug therapy is for people who are prone to a later heart attack. For instance, blood-thinning medications, such as aspirin, ease blood platelets and decrease the likelihood of clotting. Doctors usually recommend between 81 to 325 milligrams a day as a preventative measure. However, those who take aspirin to prevent a future heart attack may also suffer from gastrointestinal ailments.
Mayo Clinic adds that beta blockers decrease blood pressure and heart rate, placing less stress on the heart. However, those who suffer from low blood pressure or a slow heart rate should not take beta blockers, including people who have suffered from a previous heart attack. Angiotensin-converting enzyme, or ACE, inhibitors are for people who have survived moderate-to-severe heart attacks. ACE drugs allow more blood flow to the heart to fix pumping capacity.
Cholesterol-lowering medications reduce the amount of cholesterol levels in the body. Mayo Clinic reports that managing cholesterol is part of changing one's lifestyle to prevent heart complications. Quitting smoking also falls under a lifestyle change. Staying within a suitable weight is another way to stop a heart attack, as is the reduction and management of stress.