While aging is responsible for some issues with balance and dizziness, preventative measures, including stopping tobacco, use prevent future problems, NIHSeniorHealth indicates. Avoiding ear infections and certain medications as well as making dietary changes may also help.
Problems in other parts of the body, such as the heart or brain, often cause balance problems. A stroke often results in dizziness, according to NIHSeniorHealth. Smoking and diabetes increase the chance of stroke. Diabetics can reduce their chances of stroke by managing their blood sugar levels.
The brain depends on signals from the inner ear to establish balance. Ear infections and some medications affect the inner ear. Proper hand-washing and annual flu shots reduce the chance of ear infections. When a doctor prescribes a new medication, the patient should inquire about its possible side effects, including long-lasting changes to the inner ear. Antidepressants, blood pressure medication, antibiotics and chemotherapy have the potential to cause long-term dizziness, reports NIHSeniorHealth.
Ménière's disease causes vertigo and hearing loss but responds to changes in diet. Reducing salt and caffeine helps to lower the pressure in the inner ear due to this condition, according to NIHSeniorHealth.
Maintaining a healthy blood pressure also helps to reduce dizziness. Dietary changes and medication help to treat high blood pressure. Patients with low blood pressure can reduce dizziness by drinking plenty of water to stay hydrated and maintaining an awareness of changes in body position that increase dizziness, indicates NIHSeniorHealth.