Ways of preventing symptoms of arthritis include exercise, weight loss, avoiding injury and eating healthy foods, notes Healthline. It is not easy to prevent arthritis due to factors that are beyond a patient's control, such as family history and increasing age, but changing health habits reduces the risk of painful joints.
Arthritis is the inflammation of joints and involves an overactive immune system and wear and tear of cartilage, states MedicineNet. Causes include injury, hereditary factors, metabolic abnormality and bacterial or fungal infections. Eating fish high in omega-3 fatty acids, such as trout, sardines, mackerel and salmon, can reduce inflammation in the body, advises Healthline. Additionally, drinking moderate amounts of alcohol can reduce the risk of rheumatoid arthritis, particularly in women. It is important to speak with the doctor before taking this action.
Exercise improves a person’s health and fitness without hurting the joints, reports Mayo Clinic. Exercise strengthens the muscles around the joints, maintains bone strength, helps the patient get a good sleep and controls weight. Exercise includes rolling the shoulders backward and forward, raising the arms over the head and aerobic exercise, such as walking and swimming. It is important to avoid injury when playing sports by using the proper safety equipment, notes Healthline.
Ice packs or heating pads and using assistive devices, such as walkers, canes and raised toilet seats, can relieve joint pain and improve the patient’s ability to perform daily chores, explains Mayo Clinic. Minimizing eating fried and processed foods, foods high in sugars and refined carbs, dairy products and corn oils can reduce inflammation of the joints, according to Healthline.