Treatments for low platelet counts varies based on underlying medical conditions, but for certain patients corticosteroids are prescribed to increase blood platelet levels, according to Mayo Clinic. Corticosteroids prevent the body's immune system from attacking blood platelets.
Most cases of low platelet count are mild and resolve on their own, notes Mayo Clinic. In severe cases, doctors first try to identify and treat the underlying cause of the low platelet count. If no underlying cause is found, the doctor may order a blood transfusion or have the patent's spleen removed. Patients with low platelet counts are advised to avoid drinking alcohol, as it can lower platelet production.