An individual can prepare for cataract surgery complications by first getting checked for other eye diseases and serious medical conditions that may increase his risk of complications, according to Mayo Clinic. It's best to diagnose and treat eye complications before deciding whether or not to undergo cataract removal surgery.
Cataract removal surgery complications include loss of vision, inflammation, infection, glaucoma, retinal detachment and secondary cataract, says Mayo Clinic. While these complications don't usually happen, they can be successfully treated if they occur. There's also a possibility that damage from macular degeneration, glaucoma or some other eye condition can cause the surgery to fail to improve the individual's vision.
Additional preparation methods for cataract surgery include tests, fasting, using eye drops and getting ready for recovery, notes Mayo Clinic. If a patient is taking medication at the time of his surgery, he may have to stop taking them temporarily. Tests are done to take measurements of the eye in order to fit the patient for an intraocular lens. A patient may also be told not to consume any liquids or foods 12 hours before surgery. A doctor can prescribe antibiotic eye drops in order to lower the risk of infection. The patient should also make arrangements to have someone drive him home after his surgery and possibly someone to help him with everyday tasks after his surgery.