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How is Pott's disease treated?

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Physicians treat Pott's disease through a surgical removal of the damaged tissue and a subsequent reconstruction for spinal stability, according to the National Center for Biotechnology Information. Patients usually take anti-tuberculosis medications before and after the surgical procedure. Typically, treatment modalities depend on the extent and effect of the disease.

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Patients who develop neurologic complications require a combination of medical and surgical treatments, while those without neurologic deficits only require medical therapy, states NCBI. Physicians may remove the back of one or more vertebrae to access the spinal cord of patients who develop spinal tumor syndrome and posterior complex disease. The surgical techniques that physicians use in the treatment of the disease include posterior or anterior decompression followed by a fusion with bone autografts.

Anti-tuberculosis drugs play a central role in the treatment and management of Pott's disease, explains NCBI. The most common protocol in the treatment of the disease involves the administration of a combination of isoniazid, pyrazinamide and other drugs for periods of up to 18 months. A combination antituberculous therapy and a surgical excision of the lesion is also an effective treatment approach. Some health care professionals recommend combining antituberculous therapy with pressurized oxygen therapy to decrease the treatment duration.

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