Bladder fistula usually requires surgery to repair the damage, according to Urology Care Foundation. During the procedure, the surgeon uses healthy tissue to close the bladder opening. Fistulas caused by disease are typically repaired during disease-treating surgery.Continue Reading
Surgery results depend on the surgeon's ability to remove the fistula causing disease, notes the Medical University of South Carolina. The availability of enough healthy tissue that has a good blood supply is another factor in the success of bladder fistula surgery. A catheter is inserted into the bladder after surgery and remains in place for several weeks.
Causes of bladder fistula include inflammatory disease and colon cancer, explains the Urology Care Foundation. Additional causes of bladder fistula include radiation therapy, gynecologic cancers, congenital defects, injury and certain surgeries, lists Emory Healthcare.
Bladder fistula symptoms include frequent urinary tract infections, urine leakage and gas passage from the urethra while urinating, details Emory Healthcare. Urine may also look or smell like stool, notes Urology Care Foundation.
Doctors diagnose bladder fistula by performing a cystogram, or bladder X-ray; a computerized tomography scan; or an excretory urogram, advises the Medical University of South Carolina. An excretory urogram is a kidney and bladder examination done via X-ray with the use of a contrast dye. The dye is administered through a catheter or vein, explains Urology Care Foundation.Learn more about Gastrointestinal Issues