What Are Some Potential Risks of Laser Iridotomy?


Quick Answer

Potential risks of laser iridotomy are increased intraocular pressure, bleeding and blurred vision, according to WebMD. Later on, the patient may experience other complications such as recurring closed-angle glaucoma, developing other types of glaucoma and double vision.

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Full Answer

One of the biggest risks of laser iridotomy is increased pressure inside the eye, though the risk is higher during the first 24 hours after the surgery, according to the Encyclopedia of Surgery. If the surgery damages the trabecular meshwork, it may be difficult to reduce this pressure sufficiently without filtration surgery or medical intervention.

Patients who undergo laser iridotomy are at risk of developing anterior uveitis, which is inflammation within the eye, reports the Encyclopedia of Surgery. The swelling may reduce after a few days, though it could last for as long as 30 days. The patient may have to apply topical corticosteroids to reduce this inflammation. If anterior uveitis is not treated properly, the patient may develop posterior synechia, which is a condition in which the iris sticks to the lens.

The operation may cause the cornea to become opaque or scratched, notes the Encyclopedia of Surgery. The surgery may damage the corneal endothelium, and the iris may bleed during surgery. In rare cases, the procedure may cause a hole to form in the retina. The patient may complain of blurred vision, though this complication often goes away about 30 minutes after the surgery.

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